Types of leather

The finished leathers can be divided in three major groups according to their surface structure, namely full-grain, suedes and split leather.

Full-grain (smooth leather)

They represent the biggest group of the finished leathers. The grown final layer of the corium, the grain read more...

  • Natural 

    Many types of leathers are finished after the tannage without further dying operations.

  • Aniline 

    These are leathers that are dyed after the tanning processes during the wet-finishing with soluble dyestuffs.

  • finished

    • full-grain 

    • corrected 

    • buffed 


Sie sind durch das Abtrennen der den Narben tragenden Schicht auf beiden Außenflächen rau.

  • finished 

    Split leathers need to get an altogether thicker finish layer in order to get a surface comparable to finished full-grains as the rough split surface has to be covered.

  • coated 

    Coated split leathers are laminated with a foil in contrast to the top coats that are built-up through step-by-step layers.

  • suede 

    Suede split leathers are mostly buffed on the upper split side so that also in this case a check of the flesh-side is possible which will indicate if a flesh- or middle-split is present.


This general term contains all types of leather with a buffed usage side.

Amongst them are suede, nubuk and buckskin leathers. It is basically irrelevant if the suede types are produced from full-grains or splits or from different hides / animals.

  • Suede 

    The flesh side (the side pointing towards the body of the animal) is buffed/sueded during the production of suedes.

  • Nubuk 

    Leather that has been buffed from the grain-/hair-side in a way so that the natural grain pattern is still visible but a silky-soft, fine-buffed surface with short fibres is generated.

  • Buckskin 

    Buckskin is the buffed full-grain of treated deer, reindeer, kangaroo, antelope, gazelle, elk, buffalo and chamois skins. It is used as clothing, bag-maker and shoe-upper leather.